common eye conditions

Myopia

Is also called "nearsightedness." People that are nearsighted often see well at near/close range but experience blurry vision at farther distances such as road signs, television, theater, and sporting events. Myopia is corrected with glasses or contact lenses. Laser vision correction may also be an option. 

Hyperopia

Is also called “farsightedness” since vision is usually more likely clearer farther away and more blurry with near objects. Hyperopia often also causes eye strain and headaches. It is corrected with glasses or contact lenses. Laser vision correction may also be an option.

Astigmatism

Is a condition in which the front surface of the eye or the lens inside the eye is curved differently in one direction than the other. It may cause blurred, fuzzy, or distorted vision and can affect both distance and near vision. Astigmatism is corrected with glasses or contact lenses. Laser vision correction may also be an option.

Presbyopia

With age, the lens of the eye gets stiffer, affecting people's ability to focus near objects near or after the age of 40. Presbyopia can be corrected in different ways: some people do well with simple reading glasses, others may need bifocals or progressive “no line” bifocals, and contact lenses also work for many. Our doctors will describe all of your options and help decide which is right for you!

Cataracts

Occur when the natural lens in the eye becomes cloudy, typically after the age of 60 years old. Early cataract development may  have limited effect on vision but typically progresses over time and impairs vision. Our doctors will monitor cataract  progression and make recommendations when outpatient surgical correction of the cataract is an option.

Glaucoma

Is an eye disease which damages the optic nerve that transmits information from your eyes to the brain. It is often called “the silent thief of sight” due to its slow, painless progression. When not diagnosed and treated, glaucoma can lead to permanent loss of vision. Most often glaucoma is treated with prescription eye drops designed to reduce the fluid pressure in your eye. In some cases, laser treatment or surgery is recommended. Early diagnosis is critical, which is another reason for annual eye examinations.

Macular Degeneration

Causes deterioration of the central part of the retina called the macula. The retina is the thin layer of tissue at the back of the eye. Light-sensitive cells of the retina capture images and transmit them to the brain through the optic nerve. Macular degeneration can lead to blurred or distorted vision and possibly a blind spot in the center of a person’s visual field. Early detection is critical for diagnosis and management. Our doctors are equipped with advanced equipment to aid in early diagnosis and management of macular degeneration.

Dry Eye Disease

May cause your eyes to feel sandy or gritty, water excessively, or they may burn and turn red. Dry eye has many causes, including your environment, medications you may be taking, or eye anatomy and physiology. Depending on the cause of your dry eye, treatment options include over the counter eye drops, warm compresses, prescription eye drops, or in-office procedures.

Posterior Vitreous Detachment (PVD)

Symptoms include visual disruptions such as light streaks, "floaters" or a cobweb-like haze. These occur when the jelly-like substance (called the vitreous) in the eye starts to liquefy, causing it to move more and “tug” on the retina. Call right away if you notice these signs. While most people experiencing a PVD won’t need treatment, in some cases the vitreous can completely detach from or tear the retina. A tear or detachment of the retina is serious and may cause vision loss.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Causes damage to the retina and can lead to vision loss. For people with diabetes, a comprehensive dilated eye exam is an essential part of their overall diabetes management. Our doctors utilize advanced technology during their examination of your eyes to aid in early detection of diabetic retinopathy.